Reference values developed by the FDA to describe the amount
of a nutrient used as the standard for labeling purposes.
DVs are comprised of two sets of standards: DRVs and RDIs.
a sudden rise in blood glucose levels in the early morning
hours. This sometimes occurs in people with type 1 diabetes
and rarely in people with type 2 diabetes.
Suffering from excessive loss of water.
The triangular, 3- part muscles that wrap around the tops
of the shoulders. They allow you to raise your arms forward,
backward and out to the sides, and also rotate them inward
loss of water or fluid from the body. A very high level of
glucose (sugar) in the urine causes loss of a great deal of
water, and the person becomes very thirsty
Dextrose see glucose.
a disease of the pituitary gland or kidney, but not diabetes
mellitus. So-called because most people who have it show most
of the same signs as someone with diabetes mellitus-they have
to urinate often, get very thirsty and hungry, and feel weak.
a severe emergency in which a person is not conscious because
the blood glucose(sugar)is too low or too high. If the glucose
level is too low, the person has hypoglycemia; if the level
is too high, the person has hyperglycemia and may develop
severe, out-of-control diabetes (high blood sugar) that needs
emergency treatment. DKA happens when blood sugar levels get
a disease of the small blood vessels of the retina of the
removal of waste products from the blood when the kidneys
An appetite suppressant that works by stimulating
the nervous system.
food and drink a person or animal consumes in their normal
life. Also refers to an eating plan for medical reasons or
as a measure to promote weight loss
breaking down food in the stomach and intestines.
a drug that increases the volume of urine produced. Can produce
the illusion of weight loss since no fat is lost. Can also
a short bar with weights on each end that can be held in one
Side-effect of bariatric procedures in which food
is prematurely released from stomach into the small intestine;
causes nausea and vomiting.
Also known as biliopancreatic diversion and bilopancreatic
diversion duodenal switch. A bariatric surgery in which surgeons
1.) Divide a patient's stomach into a slender vertical pouch
and, 2.) Re-route the small intestine to effect malabsorption.
The upper section of the small intestine, connects to the
Length of time one works or exercises; Duration is one way
of increasing resistance to a muscle or system to improve