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Glossary of Weight Loss Terms

Edema: Swelling caused by fluid retention in the tissues of the body

EKG or ECG Electrocardiogram: a recording of the heart's electrical activity using sensors attached to the limbs and chest.

Electrolytes: Minerals such as sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium that act to keep your nerves firing and muscles moving.

Electrocardiograph (ECG): the recording of the electrical activity of the heart.

Endocrine Glands: glands that produce chemicals (hormones) which affect other body cells.

Endorphins: A group of proteins produced naturally by the body with potent analgesic properties (similar to morphine). These are the brain chemicals that contribute to the "runner's high" or good feelings during and after exercise

Enrichment: The addition of a nutrient to a processed food to replace losses of the nutrient that occurred during processing or to enhance its nutritive composition

Enzyme: special type of protein. Enzymes help the body's chemistry work better and more quickly.

Epinephrine: one of the secretions of the adrenal glands. It helps the liver release glucose (sugar) and limit the release of insulin. It also makes the heart beat faster and can raise blood pressure; also called adrenalin.

Essential Amino Acids:Essential Amino Acids are amino acids that your body does not have the ability to synthesize. Hundreds of different amino acids exist in nature, and about two dozen of them are important to human nutrition. Nine of these – histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, theronine, tryptophan, and valine – are considered essential, since they must be supplied by your diet.

Essential Fatty Acids:Fatty acids that the body is unable to produce on its own, but which are necessary for the proper functioning of cells. EFAs must be provided through the diet. Rich sources of EFAs include fish, nuts, seeds, evening primrose oil, and borage seed oil.

Essential Nutrient:A nutrient that must be supplied by the diet because it cannot be produced in sufficient quantities by the body.

Exchanges: A grouping of foods by type to help people on special diets stay on the diet. Each group lists food in serving sizes. A person can exchange, trade, or substitute a food serving in one group for another food serving in the same group. The lists put foods in six groups: (1) starch/bread, (2) meat, (3)vegetables, (4) fruit, (5) milk, and (6) fats. Within a food group, each serving has about the same amount of carbohydrate, protein, fat, and calories.

Exchange Diet:An exchange diet is a meal plan with a set number of servings from each of several food groups. Within each group, foods are about equal in calories and can be interchanged as you wish.

Exchange Lists:A grouping of foods by type to help people on special diets stay on the diet. Each group lists food in serving sizes. A person can exchange, trade, or substitute a food serving in one group for another food serving in the same group. The lists put foods in six groups: starch/bread meat vegetables fruit milk fats Within a food group, each serving has about the same amount of carbohydrate, protein, fat, and calories.

Exchange Plan: A strategy of mapping out what you will eat for each meal based on exchanges, not specific foods.

Exercise:Activity done for the purpose of keeping fit and healthy, or sociable in a group form like football.

Exertional Headaches: Pain triggered by a variety of exercise activities ranging from weightlifting to jogging, and including sexual intercourse

External Obliques: Muscles running diagonally downward and inward from the lower ribs to the pelvis that allow you to bend forward and twist at the waist. These lie on top of the internal obliques. The kayaking stroke uses these muscles much more than the arms.

 Review the terms aphabetically:  A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

Your invaluable suggestions are highly appreciated regarding any new weight loss term or any other correction you may suggest in the existing Glossary terms.



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