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Glossary of Weight Loss Terms

Haemoglobin: the red coloured iron protein that carries oxygen in red cells.

Hamstrings:The group of 3 muscles on the back of the thigh that runs from the lower part of the pelvis to just below the knees. They allow you to bend your knees and, along with the "glutes" straighten your legs at the hips

Health:The absence of disease or injury along with physical, mental, and social well-being.

High Density Lipoproteins HDL: Lipoprotein particles that transport cholesterol to the liver. Sometimes called "good cholesterol".

HLA: human leucocyte antigens which are natural markers on white cells much the same as blood groups on red cells.

Homeostasis:The maintenance of consistent internal body conditions. It is achieved by a series of negative-feedback control mechanisms. For example, when sensors detect overheating of the body, sweating is stimulated until the body temperature returns to normal.

Hormone: a chemical substance produced by endocrine glands which causes specific effects on other cells.

Hydration:The amount of fluid in the body. It is important to drink at least 64oz. of water throughout the day. More may be required to replace any fluid the body loses during physical activity.

Hyperosmolar Coma: A coma (loss of consciousness) related to high levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood and requiring emergency treatment. A person with this condition is usually older and weak from loss of body fluids and weight. The person may or may not have a previous history of diabetes. Ketones (acids) are not present in the urine.

Hyperglycaemia: blood glucose higher than normal.

Hypertension:The medical term for high blood pressure. Hypertension is associated with severe obesity. Many individuals requiring medication for hypertension are able to decrease or eliminate these medicines after surgically-assisted weight loss.

Hypertrophy: Hypertrophy is the increase of the size of an organ. It should be distinguished from hyperplasia which occurs due to cell division; hypertrophy occurs due to an increase in cell size rather than division. It is most commonly seen in muscle that has been actively stimulated, the most well-known method being exercise.

Hypoglycaemia: too low a level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. This occurs when a person with diabetes has injected too much insulin, eaten too little food, or has exercised without extra food. A person with hypoglycemia may feel nervous, shaky, weak, or sweaty, and have a headache, blurred vision, and hunger. Taking small amounts of sugar, sweet juice, or food with sugar will usually help the person feel better within 10-15 minutes.

Hypotension:In physiology and medicine, hypotension refers to an abnormally low blood pressure. It is often associated with shock, though not necessarily indicative of it.

Hypothermia:The dangerous lowering of body temperature. Prolonged exposure to cold water leads to hypothermia and possibly death if the core temperature drops below 80 degrees.

 Review the terms aphabetically:  A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

Your invaluable suggestions are highly appreciated regarding any new weight loss term or any other correction you may suggest in the existing Glossary terms.



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