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Glossary of Weight Loss Terms

Pancreas: An organ behind the lower part of the stomach that is about the size of a hand. It makes insulin so that the body can use glucose (sugar) for energy. It also makes enzymes that help the body digest food. Spread all over the pancreas are areas called the islets of Langerhans. The cells in these areas each have a special purpose. The alpha cells make glucagon, which raises the level of glucose in the blood; the beta cells make insulin; the delta cells make somatostatin.

Pectorals:The 2 pairs of muscles in the chest that work to pull the upper arms toward or across the chest. The pectoralis major covers the chest from the top of the arm to the collarbone, down to the sternum and upper 6 ribs. The smaller pectoralis minor is located underneath, and runs from mid- chest to shoulder blade

Pelvic Floor Muscles: The group of muscles at the base of the pelvis which help to support the bladder, uterus, urethra, vagina, and rectum. The muscles can be strengthened by doing pelvic floor exercises, which can aid delivery.

Perceived Exertion: exercise is more accurately done on how hard you FEEL like you're exercising than it is on heart rates.

Phentermine: An appetite suppressant that disrupts the transmission of signals from the neurotransmitters and is used in the management of obesity.

Photocoagulation: using a special strong beam of light (laser) to seal off bleeding blood vessels such as in the eye. The laser can also burn away blood vessels that should not have grown in the eye. This is the main treatment for diabetic retinopathy.

Plateau: Reaching a level or period of stability. Dieters can plateau when they have lost enough weight that their new, lower, metabolic needs match their caloric intake

Polydipsia: a great thirst that lasts for long periods of time; a sign of diabetes.

Polyphagia: great hunger; a sign of diabetes. People with this great hunger often lose weight
Polyuria the passage of large amounts of urine

Post Exercise Energy Consumption:The continued elevated (above resting) amounts of calories being burned due to recovery from exercise. During recovery, calories are burned during muscle and tissue repair and oxygen replacement in muscles.

Prandial: referring to meals e.g. pre-prandial: before meals; post-prandial: after meals.

Proteins:A group of complex organic macromolecules that are the basic building blocks of all living cells and are therefore essential in the diet of animals for the growth and repair of tissue.

Proteinuria: too much protein in the urine. This may be a sign of kidney damage.

Pull buoy:A foam flotation device designed to fit between your legs and keep the lower part of your body afloat without kicking. It allows you to work only your upper body and concentrate on your swimming stroke. Complementary to a kick board.

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Your invaluable suggestions are highly appreciated regarding any new weight loss term or any other correction you may suggest in the existing Glossary terms.

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