organ behind the lower part of the stomach that is about the
size of a hand. It makes insulin so that the body can use
glucose (sugar) for energy. It also makes enzymes that help
the body digest food. Spread all over the pancreas are areas
called the islets of Langerhans. The cells in these areas
each have a special purpose. The alpha cells make glucagon,
which raises the level of glucose in the blood; the beta cells
make insulin; the delta cells make somatostatin.
2 pairs of muscles in the chest that work to pull the upper
arms toward or across the chest. The pectoralis major covers
the chest from the top of the arm to the collarbone, down
to the sternum and upper 6 ribs. The smaller pectoralis minor
is located underneath, and runs from mid- chest to shoulder
Pelvic Floor Muscles:
The group of muscles at the base of the pelvis which
help to support the bladder, uterus, urethra, vagina, and
rectum. The muscles can be strengthened by doing pelvic floor
exercises, which can aid delivery.
exercise is more accurately done on how hard you FEEL
like you're exercising than it is on heart rates.
An appetite suppressant that disrupts the transmission of
signals from the neurotransmitters and is used in the management
using a special strong beam of light (laser) to seal off bleeding
blood vessels such as in the eye. The laser can also burn
away blood vessels that should not have grown in the eye.
This is the main treatment for diabetic retinopathy.
Reaching a level or period of stability. Dieters can
plateau when they have lost enough weight that their new,
lower, metabolic needs match their caloric intake
Polydipsia: a great thirst
that lasts for long periods of time; a sign of diabetes.
great hunger; a sign of diabetes. People with this great hunger
Polyuria the passage of large amounts of urine
Post Exercise Energy
Consumption:The continued elevated (above resting)
amounts of calories being burned due to recovery from exercise.
During recovery, calories are burned during muscle and tissue
repair and oxygen replacement in muscles.
Prandial: referring to meals
e.g. pre-prandial: before meals; post-prandial: after meals.
group of complex organic macromolecules that are the basic
building blocks of all living cells and are therefore essential
in the diet of animals for the growth and repair of tissue.
too much protein in the urine. This may be a sign of kidney
foam flotation device designed to fit between your legs and
keep the lower part of your body afloat without kicking. It
allows you to work only your upper body and concentrate on
your swimming stroke. Complementary to a kick board.