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Glossary of Weight Loss Terms

Quadriceps:The group of four muscles that make up the front of the thigh. Quads straighten the knee. Keeping them strong can help ward off knee injuries

Rapid: Weight Loss: As the body metabolizes fat during rapid weight loss, it causes the liver to secrete extra cholesterol into bile, which can cause gallstones.

Rating of Perceived Exertion RPE:The level of effort you feel you are putting into an activity. The Borg scale is a rating scale that helps you describe how hard you feel you are working in terms of a number from 6 to 20. Lower numbers on the scale are used to describe a lower level of effort, and higher numbers mean you are working harder.

RDA: recommended daily allowance) the amounts of energy and selected nutrients considered adequate to meet the nutrient needs of practically all healthy people

RDI: reference daily intakes) food labeling values for protein, vitamins and minerals based on population- adjusted means of the rda.

Reasonable Goal: A simple target that can be met to encourage further good observance of a dietary plan.

Rectus Abdominis:The muscle extending the entire length of the abdomen, from the lower 3 ribs to the top of the pubic bone (below the navel). Works to keep you upright and lets you bend at the waist. Strengthening this muscle can help prevent lower back pain

Recumbent Bike: A bicycle on which you sit in a reclined position with your back supported and your feet out in front. It can be an indoor, stationary-type or a moving, outdoor-style bike. It works the buttocks and hamstrings more than upright bicycles, and unlike uprights, supports the back

Renal: a term that means having something to do with the kidneys.

Renal Threshold: the blood glucose level above which glucose spills into the urine.

Repetition: A term used most often in resistance exercises or weight lifting. A single movement, as in doing one squat (going down and then going back up would be one rep). A certain number of reps will equal a set

Resistance or Weight Training: Activities specifically designed to build muscle and increase strength. Strength training also helps to maintain the amount of bone in the body and can help maintain weight.

Resistive Cuffs: and Boots: Foam buoyancy devices placed on the ankles and/or wrists to create extra resistance for water aerobics and water running. Can increase workout intensity up to 5 times

Resting Heart Rate RHR:Amount of times your heart beats per minute while you are at rest. For most accurate results, the RHR should be taken in the morning before getting out of bed.

Retinopathy: damage to the retina of the eye.

Rhomboids:The muscles that pull your shoulder blades inward. They attach to the vertebrae at the base of the neck and go diagonally to the inside edges of the shoulder blades

RICE:Stands for rest, ice, compression and elevation. The formula for treating injuries such as sprains. When in doubt, call your physician

Risk-Complication:Potential side effects of medical procedure. Specific to bariatric surgery, risk-complications include (but are not limited to) dumping syndrome, nausea, heartburn, vomiting, and leakage.

Roux enY:Also known as gastric bypass and gastric bypass surgery. A bariatric surgery in which surgeons 1.) Divide a patient's stomach into a smaller pouch and, 2.) Re-route the intestine to effect malabsorption.

 Review the terms aphabetically:  A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

Your invaluable suggestions are highly appreciated regarding any new weight loss term or any other correction you may suggest in the existing Glossary terms.

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